Six Scholars Join Faculty
The Institute has added six new faculty for the coming year:
Evan Charney is completing a Ph.D. in government, and has two Master's degrees (Government
and Classics/ Philosophy) from Harvard University. His research focuses on liberalism, pluralism
and democracy. His dissertation, "Taking Pluralism Seriously: Liberalism and the Domain of the
Political," is a defense of a form of liberalism that can accommodate deep-value pluralism while
upholding certain basic liberal-democratic principles.
During his studies at Harvard, Charney was a Graduate Fellow in the Program in Ethics and the
Professions at the Kennedy School of Government (1997-98), and he received an Award for
Excellence in Teaching from the Derek Bok Center and the Dean of Undergraduate Education
(1996-97). He was a Liberal Arts Fellow in Law at Harvard Law School (1990-91), a Jacob
Javits Fellow (1988), a Mellon Fellow in the Humanities (1988), a Charles Eliot Norton Fellow
(1992-93), an Edward Banfield Prize Fellow in Government (1994-96), and an Earhart
Foundation Fellow (1996-97).
Elizabeth Richardson Vigdor has completed her Ph.D. in Health Policy from Harvard and a
Master's of Science in Health Policy and Management from Harvard. Her research focuses on
health economics, public economics and applied micro-economics. She is the co-author of the
following recent publications:
- "Your Money and Your Life: The Value of Health and What Affects It," Frontiers of
Health Policy Research, Volume 2, National Bureau of Economic Research, 1998.
- "The Value of Health: 1970-1990," American Economic Review, 88 (2), 1998.
- "Measuring the Health of the United States Population," Brookings Papers on Economic
Activity, Microeconomics, 1997.
- "Characteristics of Automatic or Semiautomatic Firearm Ownership in the United States,"
American Journal of Public Health 87(2), 1997.
Jacob L. Vigdor has completed his Ph.D. in economics from Harvard University. His research
focuses on state and local public finance, the economics of urban and social issues, real estate and
mortgage markets and applied econometrics.
A recent publication, "The Rise and Decline of the American Ghetto" (with David Cutler and
Edward Glaeser in The Journal of Political Economy, forthcoming) examines the social forces
promoting segregation. The authors conclude that, since 1940, legal barriers enforcing
segregation have been replaced by decentralized racism, where whites are willing to pay more
than blacks to live in predominantly white areas. Vigdor and his co-authors are currently
examining how immigrant segregation patterns compare with black-white racial segregation.
Kathryn Whetten-Goldstein, a researcher at the Center for Health Policy, Law and
Management since 1993, has joined the tenure-track faculty in public policy studies. She has a
Ph.D. in health policy and administration and a Master's in public health and child health from the
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She was a Peace Corps Fellow in 1989 and worked
as a public health technical trainer, training organizer and training director in Zaire. Her research
interests include: the economic impact of long-term diseases such as Multiple Sclerosis,
Parkinson's and AIDS, and the impact of medical malpractice litigation on obstetrical care. She is
currently leading a $2.2 million study of the delivery and coordination of care for persons with
HIV and AIDS in fifteen North Carolina counties.
William A. "Sandy" Darity, Jr. is joining the Duke faculty half-time as Research Professor of
Public Policy Studies. He will continue as the Cary C. Boshamer Professor of Economics at the
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. At UNC he has served as director of the Minority
Undergraduate Research Assistant Program, director of the Undergraduate Honors Program and
director of Graduate Studies. He was a Fellow at the National Humanities Center (1989-90) and a
Visiting Scholar at the Federal Reserve's Board of Governors in 1984. He has also taught
economics at the Centro de Excelencia Empresarial (Monterrey, Mexico), Grinnell College, the
University of Tulsa, the University of Texas at Austin, the University of Maryland at College
Park, and Simmons College. He has a Ph.D. in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of
Darity's research focuses on inequality by race, class and ethnicity; North-South theories of
development and trade; history of economic thought and political economy; the Atlantic slave
trade and the Industrial Revolution; and social psychology effects of unemployment exposure.
He is the co-author of Persistent Disparity: Race and Economic Inequality in the United States
Since 1945 (forthcoming, Edward Elgar Publishing) and The Black Underclass: Critical Essays
on Race and Unwantedness (Garland Publishing, 1994). He also co-authored Macroeconomics
(Houghton Mifflin, 1994) and The Loan Pushers: The Role of Commercial Banks in the
International Debt Crisis (Ballinger Publishing, 1988). He is the editor of Economics and
Discrimination, 2 Volumes (Edward Elgar Publishing, 1995)..
Arthur W. Spengler is Professor of the Practice of Public Policy Studies. He combines his recent
academic and teaching experience with a 20-year career in public policy development and public
management. His areas of expertise include local government management and policy, the
legislative process, and public budgeting.
Before joining the Sanford Institute faculty, he was a visiting assistant professor of government
and politics at George Mason University (1992-97). He previously worked for 19 years with the
Montgomery County Council in Maryland, where he provided policy analysis and administrative
support for the nine-member legislative body, as a budget and fiscal analyst, deputy staff director
and then staff director. He has also been an economic and policy analyst for the U.S. Department
Spengler is the author of Collective Bargaining and Increased Competition for Resources in
Local Government (Greenwood Publishing Group, forthcoming 1999). He has a Ph.D. in public
policy from George Mason University and an M.A. degree in economics from Fordham College.